- NAME: Fred Gray
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer, Political Leader, Preacher
- BIRTH DATE: December 14, 1930 (Age: 82)
- Did You Know?: In 2002, Fred Gray was elected the first African-American president of the Alabama Bar Association.
- Did You Know?: Fred Gray took on the cases of Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks in 1955.
- EDUCATION: Loveless School, Nashville Christian Institute, Alabama State College, Case Western Reserve University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Montgomery, Alabama
- Full Name: Fred David Gray Sr.
- AKA: Fred Gray
- AKA: Fred D. Gray
- AKA: Fred David Gray
- ZODIAC SIGN: Sagittarius
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Fred Gray is an attorney, preacher and former elected official who defended Rosa Parks and led a number of Alabama key cases during the Civil Rights Movement.
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He has since received an array of accolades and became president of the National Bar Association in 1985, later becoming the first African-American president of the Alabama Bar Association (2002). In 1995, Gray published his autobiography, Bus Ride to Justice: The Life and Works of Fred Gray.
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Learn more about black history's most esteemed legal professionals, from African-American pioneers such as George Washington Williams and Constance Baker Motley, to legendary Supreme Court justices Clarence Thomas and Thurgood Marshall, to high-profile Harvard grads Barack and Michelle Obama, and many more. Explore our list of famous black lawyers, including full biographies, photo galleries and videos, only on Biography.com.
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African-Americans have a long history of activism in America, from fighting for the right to vote to pushing for integrated public spaces. Activists like Stokely Carmichael organized freedom rides, James Meredith fought to integrate blacks and whites at the University of Mississippi, and Rosa Parks instigated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. These protests were often legal and nonviolent, and made a powerful impact on civil rights in the United States. With the help of activists like these—and many others—the country slowly worked to acknowledge the basic rights and contributions of African-Americans. Activists outisde of the U.S. include Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela, who have fought against apartheid in South Africa. Learn more about the many black activists who fought against the odds in order to achieve equality.
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