- NAME: Franklin Pierce
- OCCUPATION: Military Leader, U.S. President, U.S. Representative
- BIRTH DATE: November 23, 1804
- DEATH DATE: October 08, 1869
- EDUCATION: Bowdoin College
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Hillsboro, New Hampshire
- PLACE OF DEATH: Concord, Massachusetts
- Nickname: "Young Hickory of the Granite Hills"
- AKA: Franklin Pierce
- Nickname: "Fainting Frank"
Best Known For
Franklin Pierce, the 14th president of the United States, signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, prompting a bloody conflict over Kansas' slavery status.
Jefferson Davis - The End (2:01)
Watch a short video about America's 14th President Franklin Pierce and his unstable term as president.
The hero who won the Civil War easily became the President of the United States, but quickly discovered the world of politics is a far cry from the military world.
A brief glimpse into the life of Jefferson Davis and his rise to lead the confederacy.
A glimpse into the persistent mind of Jefferson Davis.
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Based on that agenda, Pierce made the ideal candidate, even if it meant that he had to run against his former commander, General Winfield Scott of the Whig Party. After a deadlock, Pierce was elected president, but the joy of his victory was soon eclipsed by the death of one of his sons, caused by a train accident.
Once in office, Pierce faced the question of Kansas' and Nebraska's slavery status. When he agreed to sign the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854,
it turned Kansas into a battleground for the country's conflict over slavery. Pierce's handling of the affair caused his democratic supporters to abandon him during the 1856 presidential election, in favor of his successor, James Buchanan.
Following his term as president, Pierce retired to Concord, Massachusetts. During the Civil War, he was once again vocal about his point-of-view as a Northerner, with a more typically Southern view of slavery. He was also outspoken in his opposition to the nation's new president, Abraham Lincoln. Pierce's unpopular view garnered him several enemies among his fellow Northerners.
Nearing the end of his life and fading quickly into obscurity, Pierce took up drinking again. He died on October 8, 1869, in Concord, Massachusetts. He was buried there, in the Old North Cemetery.
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The first U.S. president, former military leader George Washington, took his oath of office on April 30, 1789, on the balcony of Federal Hall. From that moment onward, the United States' highest office has been filled regularly by elected officials who aim to serve the people under the guidance of the U.S. Constitution. Learn more about the 43 men who have served as America's chief executive.
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