- NAME: Frank M. Johnson
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer, Judge
- BIRTH DATE: October 30, 1918
- DEATH DATE: July 23, 1999
- Did You Know?: Frank M. Johnson hailed from a section of Alabama, the county of Winston, which had little slavery, pro-Union sentiments and a movement to secede from the state.
- Did You Know?: After Thurgood Marshall himself, Frank M. Johnson was the first person to receive the Thurgood Marshall Award from the American Bar Association.
- EDUCATION: Gulf Coast Military Academy, University of Alabama, University of Alabama School of Law
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Haleyville, Alabama
- PLACE OF DEATH: Montgomery, Alabama
- Full Name: Frank Minis Johnson Jr.
- AKA: Frank Minis Johnson
- AKA: Frank M. Johnson Jr.
- AKA: Frank M. Johnson
- AKA: Frank Johnson Jr.
- AKA: Frank Johnson
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Frank M. Johnson was an Alabama federal judge who in the mid-20th century oversaw major rulings favoring integration, voting equity and human rights.
Bloody Sunday (4:04)
On March 7, 1965 around 600 people crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge in an attempt to begin the Selma to Montgomery march. State troopers violently attacked the peaceful demonstrators in an attempt to stop the march for voting rights.
On Sunday, March 21, 1965, nearly 8,000 people began the five-day march from Selma to Montgomery for voting rights.
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During the 1970s, Johnson continued his reforms by improving the horrific conditions observed in Alabama prisons and mental health institutions. In 1977, President Jimmy Carter nominated Johnson to head the FBI, but the judge had to withdraw due to heart surgery. He was later appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Johnson died on July 23, 1999, in Montgomery. With the city's federal courthouse named in his honor, books on his life include Judge Frank M. Johnson Jr.: A Biography (1978), by Robert F. Kennedy Jr., and Jack Bass's Taming the Storm: The Life and Times of Frank M. Johnson Jr. and the South's Fight Over Civil Rights (1993).
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"Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love." Stated by legendary civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., these words represent a basic human philosophy to which black history's greatest leaders have passionately subscribed. Learn more about the world's most revered civil rights activists, known for their fight against social injustices and lasting impact on the lives of black citizens, including Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Nelson Mandela, Nina Simone, Mary McLeod Bethune, Lena Horne, Marva Collins, Rosa Parks, W.E.B. Du Bois, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.
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