- NAME: Francisco Franco
- OCCUPATION: Dictator
- BIRTH DATE: December 04, 1892
- DEATH DATE: November 20, 1975
- EDUCATION: Infantry Academy at Toledo
- PLACE OF BIRTH: El Ferrol, Spain
- PLACE OF DEATH: Madrid, Spain
- Full Name: Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde
- AKA: Francisco Franco Bahamonde
- AKA: Francisco Franco
Best Known For
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
After the war came to an end, Franco, traditionally pro-monarchist, found himself under pressure to restore the monarchy. So in 1947, Franco announced a referendum to establish Spain as a monarchy while at the same time confirming himself as lifetime regent. The following year, Franco began supervising the education of Juan Carlos, the future king of Spain, at the age of 10 (in 1969, Franco would officially name Carlos as his successor upon his death).
Franco ruled at arm’s length,
but with total self-confidence, and he began liberalizing domestic policies and softening some of the powers that would normally be associated with a police state. Also, in 1943, Franco changed the status of Falange Española Tradicionalista (the state party) from a “party” to a “movement,” and with the switch much of its original quasi-fascist identity was lost. These changes, paired with his strong anticommunist image, made him popular with the government of the United States, and in 1950 Spain was asked to join the United Nations. Further, in 1953, Franco signed an agreement that brought his regime under NATO protection from foreign invasion. (That same year, the Vatican confirmed the church's recognition of Franco's legitimacy.)
By the 1960s, Spain was experiencing a period of expanded economic development and further advancement in progressive domestic policy, and Franco was viewed more as an elder statesman than as a fascist dictator. The 1960s also marked a decline in Franco’s health, and he announced that after his death, Prince Juan Carlos, the grandson of Spain’s last ruling king, would be his successor and would maintain the basic structure of his administration.
But after Franco’s death in 1975, at the age of 83, Juan Carlos moved to dismantle many institutions of Franco’s system and revived the democratic constitutional monarchy system from the pre-Franco days, essentially wiping Spain’s slate clean of much of Franco’s influence within three years of his death.
© 2013 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
profile name: Francisco Franco profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
Hispanic Political Figures 25 people in this group
Famous Sagittarians 566 people in this group
Famous Dictators 21 people in this group