- NAME: Francis Galton
- OCCUPATION: Anthropologist, Explorer, Inventor, Scientist, Academic Author
- BIRTH DATE: February 16, 1822
- DEATH DATE: January 17, 1911
- EDUCATION: King Edward's School, Birmingham, King's College, London Medical School, Trinity College, University of Cambridge
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Birmingham, England
- PLACE OF DEATH: Haslemere, Surrey, England
- Full Name: Sir Francis Galton
- AKA: Francis Galton
Best Known For
Francis Galton was an English explorer and anthropologist best known for his research in eugenics and human intelligence. He was the first to study the effects of human selective mating.
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Galton spent much of his life studying heredity and eugenics, and he later thought that a person's fingerprints might be a part of human genetic puzzle. He thought that these prints might provide information on differences between people, from race to moral character to intelligence. While he never made any discoveries in this area, Galton established a fingerprint classification system that is still in use today.
Galton published his autobiography. He received a knighthood from King Edward the following year. Galton died on January 17, 1911, in Haslemere, England, at the age of 88. In his will, he donated funds for a professorship in eugenics to University College London.
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