- NAME: François Mitterrand
- OCCUPATION: World Leader
- BIRTH DATE: October 26, 1916
- DEATH DATE: January 08, 1996
- Did You Know?: In 1988, François Mitterrand became the first French politician to twice win election by popular vote in the country's history.
- EDUCATION: University of Paris
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Jarnac, France
- PLACE OF DEATH: Paris, France
- Full Name: François Maurice Marie Mitterrand
- AKA: Francois Mitterrand
- AKA: François Mitterrand
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Following 1981 victory, Mitterrand embarked on a program of social and political reforms, seeking to nationalize banks and other businesses and improve workers' pay. He worked on job creation in an attempt to combat stagnation and unemployment, and successfully campaigned for abolition of the death penalty.
The Socialists lost the majority in the National Assembly in 1986, forcing Mitterrand to work with the country's growing political right. More specifically,
he had to find a way to cooperate with Prime Minister Jacques Chirac from 1986 to 1988. Mitterrand was re-elected president in 1988, becoming the first French politician to twice win election by popular vote in the country's history. With German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, he forged the Treaty of Maastricht on European union in 1991. That same year, he appointed France's first female prime minister, Edith Cresson (she only remained in the post for a short time).
France's increasingly troubled economy contributed to a decline in Mitterrand's last years as president. He also battled health problems during this time, undergoing two operations for prostate cancer while still in office.
In 1995, Mitterrand resigned after completing his second term. His longtime rival, Jacques Chirac, succeeded him as France's president. During Mitterrand's retirement, revelations emerged of his friendship with wartime Vichy collaborators, political corruption and extra-marital affairs.
Mitterrand died in Paris on January 8, 1996, at the age of 79. He was survived by his wife, Danielle (m. 1944-1996); two sons, Jean-Christophe and Gilbert; and daughter, Mazarine Pingeot (whom he'd had with his mistress, Anne Pingeot).
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