- NAME: Florence Blanchfield
- OCCUPATION: Nurse
- BIRTH DATE: April 01, 1884
- DEATH DATE: May 12, 1971
- EDUCATION: Granda Institute, Martin Business College of Pittsburgh, University of California, Columbia University, South Side Training School for Nurses
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Shepherdstown, West Virginia
- PLACE OF DEATH: Washington, D.C.
- Full Name: Florence Aby Blanchfield
- AKA: Florence Blanchfield
- AKA: Florence A. Blanchfield
Best Known For
Army nurse Florence Blanchfield is best known for her struggle to attain full military rank, and for equal rights in the military.
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In 1947, the Army and Navy Nurse Corps Law gave female nurses full rank permanently. General Dwight D. Eisenhower gave Blanchfield her Army commission that same year, making her the first woman to receive that honor.
Not long after getting her commission, Blanchfield decided to retire from the Army Nurse Corps after 30 years of service. She settled in Arlington, Virginia, where she devoted herself to her hobbies. Blanchfield wrote two histories of the Army Nurse Corps, but they were never published.
Florence Blanchfield died on May 12, 1971, at the Walter Reade Hospital in Washington, D.C. Buried with full military honors, she was laid to rest in the nurses' section of Arlington National Cemetery. The memory of her tireless efforts on behalf of her patients and staff lives on. In 1982, the army named a hospital at Fort Campbell in Kentucky after her, marking the first time a nurse had received such an honor.
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