- NAME: Eva Perón
- OCCUPATION: Women's Rights Activist, Actress, Political Leader
- BIRTH DATE: May 07, 1919
- DEATH DATE: July 26, 1952
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Los Toldos, Argentina
- PLACE OF DEATH: Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Originally: María Eva Duarte
- AKA: Evita Perón
- AKA: Eva Duarte
- AKA: Eva Perón
- Full Name: María Eva Duarte de Perón
Best Known For
Eva Perón used her position as the first lady of Argentina to fight for women's suffrage and improving the lives of the poor.
Evita Peron appealed to the working class by telling the crowds "I am one of you. I know what it is to go hungry." An experienced actress, she invented her own myth and performed the role of politician's wife.
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Eva Perón was born on May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos, Argentina. After moving to Buenos Aires in the 1930s, she had some success as an actress. in 1945, she married Juan Perón, who became president of Argentina the following year. Eva Perón used her position as first lady to fight for women's suffrage and improving the lives of the poor, and became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. She died in 1952.
"Even as a little girl I wanted to recite. It was as though I wished to say something to others, something important which I felt in my deepest heart."
Born María Eva Duarte on May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos, Argentina, Eva Perón was a leading political figure in her native country as first lady and wife to President Juan Perón. She grew up poor, dreaming of becoming actress. Perón and her sister, Erminda, often made up little performances together in their youth. Her mother, Juana Ibaguren, had four children with her father, Juan Duarte. While the couple never married, Juana used the last name Duarte for herself and the children.
Juan Duarte had another family with his wife. And when he died in a car accident in 1926, his wife shunned Perón and her family at the funeral, according to some reports. Already struggling financially, the loss of her father meant greater hardships for Perón's family. Her oldest siblings, Juan and Elisa, worked to help out. The family moved to Junín, a city in the province of Buenos Aires, in 1930. There, another sister, Blanca, became a teacher. Perón's mother also took in boarders, cooked and worked as a seamstress.
Around the age of 15, Eva Perón moved to Buenos Aires to become an actress. There, she found work with a number of theater companies. In 1937, Perón landed her first film role in Segundos Afuera and got a contract to perform on the radio. She continued to work in stage productions as well over the next few years.
Perón was about 20 years old when she started her own entertainment business, the Company of the Theater of the Air, which produced radio programs. In 1943, Perón enjoyed one of her greatest successes: She signed on to portray a number of famous women in history on a special radio series, giving her the chance to play the likes of Queen Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great.
Perón's life changed dramatically when she married Juan Perón, a colonel and government official, in 1945. He became president of Argentina the following year, and his wife proved to be a powerful political influence. Eva Perón used her position as first lady to fight for causes she believed in, including women's suffrage and improving the lives of the poor. She also unofficially ran the ministries of health and labor in her husband's government.
Perón became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. A skilled speaker, she was adored by the poor citizens she worked hard to help, but she was not without critics and detractors.
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