- NAME: Erasmus
- OCCUPATION: Linguist
- BIRTH DATE: c. October 27, 1466
- DEATH DATE: July 12, 1536
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Rotternam, Holland, Netherlands
- PLACE OF DEATH: Base, Switzerland
- Full Name: Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus
- AKA: Erasmus of Rotterdam
- AKA: Erasmus
- AKA: Desiderius Erasmus
- AKA: Gerard Gerardson
Best Known For
Erasmus was the dominant figure of the early humanist movement. Neither a radical nor an apologist, he remains one of early Renaissance controversial figures.
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In these writings, Erasmus promoted the spread of Classical knowledge to encourage a better morality and greater understanding between people.
The Protestant Reformation erupted with the publication of Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses in 1517. For the next 10 years, Erasmus would be embroiled in an intellectual debate over human nature, free will and religion. Though Erasmus supported Protestant ideals, he was against the radicalism of some of its leaders, and, in 1523, he condemned Luther's methods in his work De Libero Aribitrio.
On July 12, 1536, during preparations for a move to the Netherlands, Erasmus fell ill and died from an attack of dysentery. Though he remained loyal to the Church of Rome, he did not receive last rites, and there is no evidence that he asked for a priest. This seems to reflect his view that what mattered most was a believer's direct relationship with God.
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