- NAME: Edward R. Murrow
- OCCUPATION: Radio Personality, News Anchor, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: April 25, 1908
- DEATH DATE: April 27, 1965
- EDUCATION: Washington State University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Polecat Creek (near Greensboro), North Carolina
- PLACE OF DEATH: Pawling, Dutchess County, New York
- Originally: Egbert Roscoe Murrow
- Full Name: Edward Roscoe Murrow
- AKA: Edward R. Murrow
- AKA: Egbert Murrow
- AKA: Egbert R. Murrow
- AKA: Edward Murrow
Best Known For
American radio and television news broadcaster Edward R. Murrow gave eyewitness reports of WWII for CBS and helped develop journalism for mass media.
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In 1953, Murrow told the story of a soldier who was removed from the military for being a security risk. He was deemed a risk because his father and his sister had leftist political leanings. After the story appeared on See It Now, the soldier was reinstated.
The following year,
Murrow made history by taking on McCarthy directly. He did what many had been afraid to do. McCarthy and the House Un-American Activities Committee had created an environment of fear. Those who were considered to be communists often ended up being blacklisted and unable to find work. Much to the chagrin of his network, Murrow showed McCarthy for the bully that he was using McCarthy's own words.
Around this time, the hard-hitting Murrow showed a softer side with his interview show Person to Person. He met with such celebrities as Marilyn Monroe and talked with them in their homes. As the years progressed, Murrow found himself more and more at odds with his bosses at CBS. After See It Now was canceled in 1958, he launched a short-lived news discussion show Small World. He then continued to make a few documentaries for the network's CBS Reports program.
In 1961, Murrow left CBS to join the administration of President John F. Kennedy, where he served as director of the U.S. Information Agency until 1964. He was forced to resign because of ill health. A heavy smoker for much of his life, Murrow discovered that he had lung cancer.
As a leading light in the news business for nearly 25 years, Murrow received numerous honors. President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded him the Medal of Freedom in 1964. The following March, Queen Elizabeth II named Murrow an honorary knight commander of the Order of the British Empire. He died a short time later in Pawling, a town in Dutchess County, New York, on April 27, 1965. He was survived by his wife, Janet, and their son, Casey.
Today, Murrow's name is still synonymous with journalistic excellence. He continues to be regarded as a television news pioneer, influencing the likes of Walter Cronkite, Dan Rather and Peter Jennings. A new generation was introduced to his journalistic heroics with the release of the 2005 film Good Night, and Good Luck, directed by George Clooney. The film explores Murrow's efforts to end Senator McCarthy's reign of intimidation. David Strathairn plays Murrow in the film.
Since 1971, the Radio Television Digital News Association has annually awarded the Edward R. Murrow Award to individuals who make outstanding achievements in electronic journalism. Award recipients have included Peter Jennings, Ted Koppel, Keith Olbermann, Bryant Gumbel, Brian Williams, Katie Couric, Dan Rather and Tom Brokaw.
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