- NAME: Edgar Degas
- OCCUPATION: Painter, Sculptor
- BIRTH DATE: July 19, 1834
- DEATH DATE: September 27, 1917
- EDUCATION: Lycee Louis-le-Grand, University of Paris, Ecole des Beaux-Arts
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Paris, France
- PLACE OF DEATH: Paris, France
- Nickname: "Painter of Dancers"
- AKA: Hilaire-Germain-Edgar de Gas
- AKA: Edgar De Gas
- Full Name: Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas
- AKA: Edgar Degas
Best Known For
Painter and sculptor Edgar Degas was a highly celebrated 19th century French Impressionist whose work helped shape the fine art landscape for years to come.
Edgar Degas regularly went to the Paris Opera House to observe the ballerinas and paint them in their studio. But in his thirties his eyesight began to fail forcing him to turn to the tactile art of sculpture.
Leonardo da Vinci began apprenticing under the artist Verrocchio. His best-known works are two of the most famous paintings of all time, the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper."
Leonardo da Vinci turned what was intended to be a modest wall decoration into a revolutionary artistic composition of The Last Supper.
In the year, 1503 Leonardo da Vinci returned to Florence and began a portrait that would become one of the most famous works of art of all time.
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He never married, though he did count several women, including American painter Mary Cassatt, among his intimate friends. Edgar Degas died in Paris on September 27, 1917, at the age of 83.
While Degas has always been recognized as one of the greatest Impressionist painters, his legacy has been mixed in the decades since his death. The misogynist overtones present in his sexualized portraits of women, as well as his intense anti-Semitism,
have served to alienate Degas from some modern critics. Still, the sheer beauty of his early works and the distinctly modern self-conscious elusiveness of his later portraits ensure Degas a lasting legacy. One thing remains indisputable about Degas: His were among the most painstakingly polished and refined paintings in history. An obsessive and careful planner, Degas liked to joke that he was the least spontaneous artist alive. "If painting weren't difficult," he once remarked, "it wouldn't be so fun."
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Derived from Claude Monet's piece entitled Impression, the term "impressionism" was created to describe the work of a select group of Parisian painters in the late 19th century. With their thin brush strokes and explosion of color and lighting on mundane subjects, impressionists painters like Monet, Mary Cassatt, and Alfred Sisley confounded critics, defied conventions, and sparked scandal. A century and a half later, they are among the most revered and influentional artists of all time.
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