- NAME: E.D. Nixon
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist
- BIRTH DATE: July 12, 1899
- DEATH DATE: February 25, 1987
- Did You Know?: E.D. Nixon was the first African-American citizen to campaign for office in Montgomery, Alabama, since the Reconstruction era.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Lowndes County, Alabama
- PLACE OF DEATH: Montgomery, Alabama
- Full Name: Edgar Daniel Nixon
- AKA: E.D. Nixon
- AKA: Edgar D. Nixon
- AKA: Edgar Nixon
Best Known For
E.D. Nixon was a Pullman porter and civil rights leader who worked with Rosa Parks and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to initiate the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
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The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted for more than 380 days, with the African-American community enduring a host of travails that included harassment and violent attacks. Nixon's home was firebombed two days after King's, and he was indicted for violating a state anti-boycott statute. Yet the boycott persevered and the city was eventually forced to lift its bus segregation laws.
Nixon split from the MIA in 1957, protesting class- and education-based prejudices in leadership and the condescending treatment he felt he'd received. He continued his community work and became a public-housing recreation director after his retirement as a porter.
Nixon eventually received an honorary doctorate from Alabama State University, in addition to other accolades. He was married twice. His first wife, Alease, gave birth to their son, E.D. Nixon Jr., in 1928 and passed in 1934. Nixon and his second wife, Arlette, worked together in the civil rights movement.
E.D. Nixon died in Montgomery on February 25, 1987, at the age of 87.
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