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Earl Warren served as governor of california, chief justice of the Supreme Court and head of the commission that investigated the JFK assassination.
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With 1964's Reynolds v. Sims, the court ruled that Alabama had reapportion its state legislative districts based on population. This decision was meant to undo the existing discriminatory districting, which reduced the voting power of urban African Americans.
In 1966, Warren handed down one of his most controversial decisions in Miranda v. Arizona. This ruling even divided the court,
resulting in a 5-to-4 decision. This decision called for a suspect to be informed of certain rights at the time of his or her arrest.
In addition to his work on the Supreme Court, Warren also ran the 1963-1964 investigation into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. He had been asked by President Lyndon B. Johnson to serve on this investigative committee, which became known as the Warren Commission. In the commission's report, they found that Kennedy had been killed by a lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald. They found no evidence of his involvement in a larger conspiracy.
After 16 years on the bench, Warren retired from the Supreme Court in 1969. He suffered a series of heart problems in his final years. Warren died on July 9, 1974, of congestive heart failure. His colleague, Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall, shared his thoughts about Warren with The New York Times, saying "When history is written, he'll go down as one of the greatest Chief Justices the country has ever been blessed with."
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