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Earl Warren served as governor of california, chief justice of the Supreme Court and head of the commission that investigated the JFK assassination.
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After serving in World War I, Earl Warren became a county district attorney. He was then elected to the California governorship, serving in that position from 1943 until 1953, when he was appointed chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. While on the court, Warren read the decision that desegregated American schools, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. After John F. Kennedy's assassination,
“legislators represent people, not acres or trees" (Reynolds v. Sims, 1964)
“separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (Brown v. Board of Ed, 1954)
Warren headed the investigating commission. He retired from the bench in 1969, and died in 1974 in Washington, D.C.
Born on March 19, 1891, in Los Angeles, California, Earl Warren was an influential politician and chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He came from a working-class family of Norwegian immigrants. His father worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Growing up in Bakersfield, California, Warren did well in the town's public schools. He then attended University of California, Berkeley, for both his undergraduate degree and his law degree.
In 1914, Warren was admitted to the California Bar. He served in the U.S. Army during World War I. After the war, Warren soon committed himself to public service. He became the deputy district attorney for Alameda County.
In 1925, Warren was elected district attorney for the county. He made a controversial call during his time as district attorney. Warren advocated for the internment of Japanese Americans living in California during World War II. He later reportedly regretted helping to orchestrate this plan that removed more than 100,000 people of Japanese heritage from their homes and livelihoods.
As the war continued, Warren became one of the state's rising political stars. He won the governorship in 1942. As governor, a post he held for three terms, Warren was both fiscally conservative and socially progressive. He reduced taxes while creating an emergency fund for the state. Warren also increased state spending on higher education and caring for the elderly.
In 1948, Warren moved into national politics as the Republican vice presidential candidate. He was the running mate of Thomas Dewey, who was defeated in his presidential bid by Harry S. Truman. Warren finished up his term as governor in 1950.
In 1953, President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated Warren for the position of chief justice of the United States Supreme Court. He quickly won legislative approval and became the court's leading judge. Warren took over from the late Fred Vinson. The following year, Warren helped end school segregation with the court's decision on Brown v. Board of Education (1954). In his opinion on the case, he wrote that "in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Warren was known for being a liberal and a judicial activist. As chief justice, he spearheaded radical changes in both law enforcement and voting districts. Warren supported the 1961 decision in Mapp v. Ohio, which declared that evidence gained through unlawful search or seizure could not be used against a suspect.
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