- NAME: Charles H. Houston
- OCCUPATION: Educator, Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer
- BIRTH DATE: September 03, 1895
- DEATH DATE: April 22, 1950
- Did You Know?: Charles H. Houston was the first African-American editor of the Harvard Law Review.
- EDUCATION: Amherst College, Harvard Law School, University of Madrid
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Washington, D.C.
- PLACE OF DEATH: Washington, D.C.
- Full Name: Charles Hamilton Houston
- Nickname: The Man Who Killed Jim Crow
- AKA: Charles Houston
- AKA: Charles H. Houston
Best Known For
Attorney Charles H. Houston helped create the legal precedents that led to the rejection of "separate but equal" schools for African Americans.
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Even after leaving the NAACP, Houston continued to work for improved rights for African Americans. In the 1944 cases of Steele v. Louisville & Nashville Railroad Co. and Tunstall v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, the Supreme Court ruled that railway unions needed to fairly represent African-American employees. In Hurd v. Hodge (1948),
Houston won the court's agreement that race could not be a discriminatory factor in the use and sale of property.
Houston died at the age of 54 on April 22, 1950, in Washington, D.C. That same year, he was posthumously awarded the NAACP's Spingarn Medal, the organization's highest honor. The Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice at Harvard Law School and the main building at Howard's law school, Charles Hamilton Houston Hall, were named in his honor.
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