- NAME: Charles de Coulomb
- OCCUPATION: Physicist
- BIRTH DATE: June 14, 1736
- DEATH DATE: August 23, 1806
- EDUCATION: Collège des Quatre-Nations, Royal Engineering School of Mézières (École royale du génie de Mézières)
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Angoulême, France
- PLACE OF DEATH: Paris, France
- Full Name: Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
- AKA: Charles de Coulomb
- AKA: Charles Coulomb
Best Known For
French engineer and physicist Charles de Coulomb made pioneering discoveries in electricity and magnetism, and came up with the theory called Coulomb's Law.
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Between 1785 and 1791, de Coulomb wrote seven crucial papers that dealt with various aspects of electricity and magnetism. This led him to formulate the theory known as Coulomb's Law, which verified that the force between two electrical charges is proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
When the French Revolution began, Charles de Coulomb, like many aristocrats, was expelled from government. In 1791, he retired from the Corps du Genie and lived on his estate at Blois, deeply involved in scientific research. During this time, he investigated the friction of pivots, viscosity of fluids and energy of men affected by food and climate.
De Coulomb's second son was born on July 30, 1797, and in 1802, the physicist married the mother of his two sons, Louise Francoise LeProust Desormeaux. Since his service in the West Indies, de Coulomb had suffered from chronic ailments. He fell ill with a slow fever in the summer of 1796, and died in Paris on August 23, 1806.
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