- NAME: Catharine A. MacKinnon
- OCCUPATION: Educator, Women's Rights Activist, Lawyer
- BIRTH DATE: October 07, 1946 (Age: 67)
- EDUCATION: Smith College, Yale Law School, Yale University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Minneapolis, Minnesota
- Full Name: Catharine Alice MacKinnon
- AKA: Catharine A. MacKinnon
- AKA: Catharine MacKinnon
- ZODIAC SIGN: Libra
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Catharine A. MacKinnon was born on October 7, 1946, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. She earned a bachelor's degree from Smith College in 1969. In 1977, she graduated with her J.D. from Yale Law School. She published her first book, Sexual Harassment of Working Women, in 1979. In 1986, the Supreme Court agreed with her argument that sexual harassment is sex discrimination. MacKinnon earned her Ph.D. in political science from Yale University the following year. Over the years,
"We're now in a stage where people want to believe that there is equality. They'd rather deny inequality than face it down so that they can actually live it. My task is to support their belief in that equality while at the same time unmasking everything around them that is making it impossible for them actually to live in it."
"The law sees and treats women the way men see and treat women."
she taught at such law schools as the University of Michigan and Harvard University, and focused much of her work on international women's rights. MacKinnon's recent books include Women's Lives, Men's Laws (2005) and Are Women Human? (2006).
Born on October 7, 1946, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Catharine Alice MacKinnon is a leading feminist lawyer and theorist. She is the daughter of George MacKinnon, a Republican congressman and a judge. In 1969, MacKinnon graduated from Smith College, where she studied government. She continued her studies at Yale Law School, earning her J.D. degree in 1977. Staying on at Yale, MacKinnon worked on a doctorate degree in political science, which she completed in 1987.
During her student years, MacKinnon became active in numerous causes. She published her first book, Sexual Harassment of Working Women, in 1979. In this work, MacKinnon argued that sexual harassment was a form of discrimination. The U.S. Supreme Court didn't officially rule on this issue until 1986, siding with MacKinnon's opinion.
In the 1980s, MacKinnon joined with Andrea Dworkin in the fight against pornography. Both women supported the idea that pornography was a violation of women's civil rights. Together they tried to get legislation passed in Minneapolis, Minnesota, declaring pornography as a type of sex discrimination in 1983. They also worked on a civil rights lawsuit on behalf of porn star Linda Lovelace, who claimed that she had been forced into making pornography.
MacKinnon continued to explore women's rights issues in such works as Feminism Unmodified (1987) and Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (1989). With 1993's Only Words, she argued against the idea of pornography as a form of protected speech under the First Amendment.
Over the years, MacKinnon has used civil lawsuits to advance awareness and social change. She helped expand the legal definition of genocide to include the crimes of forced prostitution and rape with her victory in Kadic v. Karadzic. In this case, MacKinnon represented Bosnian and Croatian women in their suit against Serbian leader Radovan Karadzic. A jury awarded the plaintiffs in the case $745 million in damages in 2000.
MacKinnon continues to be an author, activist and educator. Some of her recent publications include Women's Lives, Men's Laws (2005) and Are Women Human? (2006). From 2008 to 2013, MacKinnon served as special gender adviser to the prosecutor of the International Crime Court at the Hague.
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