Best Known For
As the successor to his father, Hafez, Bashar al-Assad has continued with his father's brutal rule of Syria.
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
In May 2011, the Syrian military responded with violent crackdowns in the town of Homs and the suburbs of Damascus. In June, Bashar promised a national dialogue and new parliamentary elections, but no change came, and the protests continued. That same month, opposition activists established a "National Council" to lead a Syrian revolution.
By the fall of 2011, many countries were calling for President Bashar al-Assad's resignation and the Arab League suspended Syria,
leading the Syrian government to agree to allow Arab observers into the country. In January 2012, the Reuters News Agency reported that more than 5,000 civilians had been killed by the Syrian militia (Shabeeha), and that 1,000 people had been killed by anti-regime forces. That March, the United Nations endorsed a peace plan that was drafted by former UN Secretary Kofi Annan, but this didn't stop the violence. In June 2012, a UN official stated that the uprisings had transitioned into a full-scale civil war. The conflict continues, with daily reports of the killing of scores of civilians by government forces, and counter-claims by the al-Assad regime of the killings beging staged or the result of outside agitators.
The increased brutality against Syrians, including women and children, has destroyed any ideas of Bashar al-Assad as a reformer, and his claims of foreign interference have only reinforced his image as a brutal dictator in the eyes of most Syrians. In the end, Bashar al-Assad seems to be more a product of his environment than a transformational figure who could change that environment. To survive the increased alienation from other Arab states and the West, as well as internal pressures from within his own regime, he must show that he is a strong leader that will crush any signs of opposition, resentment or independence.
© 2013 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
profile name: Bashar al-Assad profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
Ruthless, corrupt and crazy. Many of the world's dicators started out as charismatic young leaders, with a large measure of support from their countrymen—only to become bloated with power and abandon the principles they had pledged to uphold. These leaders held on to power by rigidly enforcing control, intimidating opposition and instilling fear among citizens. With access to unlimited power and riches, many developed secretive personal lives and bizarre habits. These dictators terrorized their people, and mesmerized the world, with their bizarre sayings, styles, and actions. Biography.com takes a look at some of the world's most erratic, and autocratic, leaders.
Erratic and Autocratic 14 people in this group
Famous Virgoans 564 people in this group
Famous People Born in 1965 59 people in this group