- NAME: Arthur J. Goldberg
- OCCUPATION: Supreme Court Justice, Diplomat
- BIRTH DATE: August 08, 1908
- DEATH DATE: January 19, 1990
- EDUCATION: DePaul University, Northwestern University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Chicago, Illinois
- PLACE OF DEATH: Washington, D.C.
- Full Name: Arthur Joseph Goldberg
- AKA: Arthur J. Goldberg
- AKA: Arthur Goldberg
Best Known For
In the 1960s, Arthur J. Goldberg held many important government posts, serving as secretary of labor, Supreme Court justice and ambassador to the United Nations.
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"It has been the richest and most satisfying period of my career."
Goldberg became the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations at a difficult time in American history. The conflict in Vietnam was escalating, and Goldberg found himself at odds with Johnson over the war. Goldberg hoped to sway Johnson to end this military operation, but Johnson remained determined to fight on. Goldberg's talents as a negotiator were put to better use in 1967 when he helped end the Arab-Israel War.
In 1968, Goldberg resigned his ambassadorship and returned to private practice. He made his one and only bid for public office two years. Goldberg failed in his 1970 run for governor of New York, losing to Nelson A. Rockefeller. After this disappointment, he moved back to Washington, D.C. He established his own law firm there. In addition to practicing law, Goldberg taught at such colleges as American University in his later years. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Jimmy Carter in 1978.
Goldberg died on January 19, 1990, at his home in Washington, D.C. He was survived by his two children, Robert and Barbara. His wife, Dorothy, had died two years earlier. The couple had been married for 57 years.
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The Supreme Court has presided over landmark cases that have changed the history of the United States. At times, the judges themselves have been the history makers, as in the case of Thurgood Marshall, the first African-American Justice; Sandra Day O’Connor, the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court; and Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice. Here’s a look at the famous judges who have served on the United States' highest court.
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