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John XXIII was a schismatic antipope in Italy 1410–1415, during the Western Schism. Eventually the Germans, English and French demanded his abdication.
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John XXIII entered the Curia during the Western Schism. Pope Boniface IX made him cardinal in 1402. From 1403 to 1408 he served as papal representative in Bologna. In an attempt to save the church through unity and reform, the cardinals convened the Council of Pisa which declared both Gregory and Benedict deposed, and elected Antipope Alexander V—whom John XXIII succeeded in 1410. In July of 2013, it was revealed that Pope John XXIII would be declared a saint in April of 2014. His canonisation will also include Pope John Paul II, who was also announced as a religious figure that would be declared a saint.
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