- NAME: Annie Oakley
- OCCUPATION: Folk Hero
- BIRTH DATE: August 13, 1860
- DEATH DATE: November 03, 1926
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Darke County, Ohio
- PLACE OF DEATH: Greenville, Ohio
- Maiden Name: Phoebe Ann Moses
- AKA: Phoebe Moses
- AKA: Annie Oakley
- AKA: Phoebe Mosey
- AKA: Phoebe Ann Mosey
- AKA: Mrs. Frank Butler
- Nickname: Watanya Cecilia
- Nickname: "Little Sure Shot"
- Nickname: Watanya Cecilla
Best Known For
Annie Oakley was a renowned markswoman and star who worked for years with Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.
Annie Oakley - Tomboy (1:57)
Annie Oakley - The Great War (1:36)
While other girls her age were inside learning to sew, young Annie Oakley was outside shooting small game and loving it.
During the onset of World War I, Annie Oakley wanted to help and trained the soldiers in marksmanship.
Annie Oakley never thought one of her rivals, Frank Butler, would win her heart.
As word of Annie Oakley's exploits with a rifle spread, she traveled the world and met with Kings and Queens.
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Oakley was a top earner for the Wild West Show and via her additional exhibition work, sharing money with her extended family and giving donations to charities for orphans. During World War I, Oakley volunteered to organize a regiment of female sharpshooters, but her petition was ignored, so, instead, she helped to raise money for the Red Cross with exhibition work at army camps.
During her retirement,
Oakley pursued such hobbies as hunting and fishing, and taught marksmanship to other women. In the early 1920s, Oakley and Butler were involved a car accident in which they were both severely hurt, but she did manage to perform again for a time in 1924.
Annie Oakley died on November 3, 1926, in Greenville, Ohio. The news of her death saddened the nation and brought forth a wave of tributes. Butler died on November 21, 1926.
Part of Oakley's lasting legacy is the Irving Berlin musical Annie Get Your Gun (1946), based on her life story, with the initial run starring Ethel Merman and later Broadway incarnations starring Reba McEntire and Bernadette Peters. Other media treatments of the markswoman's life have appeared as well, including the 1935 film Annie Oakley (which is noted for being historically inaccurate), and a variety of books geared toward both children and adults.
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