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Anne of Austria, queen consort of France, was married to the 14-year-old Louis XIII and later mothered Louis XIV.
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On behalf of her five-year-old son Louis, Anne became the sole regent of France. She selected one of Richelieu's associates, Jules Mazarin, to serve as her minister. Anne and Mazarin developed a close bond, but the details of their relationship are not known.
In the wake of Louis XIII's death, a series of civil conflicts erupted. Anne was forced to remove Mazarin for a time. In 1651, Anne succeeded power to her son Louis,
and she was appointed to his council. She was relieved when peace was finally achieved with Spain in 1659. The following year, Anne reunited with her brother, King Phillip IV, when her son married Phillip's daughter, Marie-Thérèsa.
Always very pious, Anne continued to visit convents and religious sites in her later years. She largely stepped away from politics after Mazarin's death in 1661. Two years later, Anne began experiencing her own health problems. She learned that she had breast cancer the following year.
In late 1665, Anne's health began to decline significantly. She died in Paris, France, on January 20, 1666. The legendary foreign-born queen of France is remembered for her political strategies and personal strength as regent. She later became an important character in Alexandre Dumas's fictional novel The Three Musketeers.
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