- NAME: Andrew Young Jr.
- OCCUPATION: Educator, Civil Rights Activist, Diplomat, Mayor, U.S. Representative, Pastor
- BIRTH DATE: March 12, 1932 (Age: 81)
- Did You Know?: Andrew Young Jr. was the first African American to serve as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
- Did You Know?: Andrew Young Jr. was the first African American to represent Georgia in Congress since Reconstruction.
- EDUCATION: Howard University, Hartford Theological Seminary, Dillard University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: New Orleans, Louisiana
- Full Name: Andrew Jackson Young Jr.
- AKA: Andrew Young Jr.
- AKA: Andrew Young
- AKA: Andy Young
- ZODIAC SIGN: Pisces
Best Known For
Andrew Young Jr. was an activist for the Civil Rights Movement. He became a member of Congress, mayor of Atlanta and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
Children’s Crusade of 1963 (4:12)
Bloody Sunday (4:04)
On September 15, 1963, a bomb exploded at the 16th Street Baptist Church as church members prepared for Sunday services. The racially motivated attack killed four young girls and shocked the nation.
From May 2 to May 5, 1963, thousands of children left their schools in Birmingham, Alabama, to march for civil rights. Police officers responded by using water cannons and dogs to attack and then arrest the children.
On Sunday, March 21, 1965, nearly 8,000 people began the five-day march from Selma to Montgomery for voting rights.
On March 7, 1965 around 600 people crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge in an attempt to begin the Selma to Montgomery march. State troopers violently attacked the peaceful demonstrators in an attempt to stop the march for voting rights.
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The resignation did not keep Young from being elected as Atlanta's mayor in 1981. After two terms as mayor, he failed in his attempt to secure the Democratic nomination to run for governor of Georgia. However, Young was successful in his campaign for Atlanta to host the Olympic Games in 1996.
Young wrote about his role in the fight for civil rights in two books: A Way Out of No Way (1994) and An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America (1996). He has also written Walk in My Shoes: Conversations Between a Civil Rights Legend and His Godson on the Journey Ahead (2010). He continues to fight for equality and economic justice with a consulting firm, Good Works International, that supports development initiatives, particularly in Africa and the Caribbean.
As an esteemed civil rights activist, Young has received accolades that include the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Springarn Medal. Morehouse College named the Andrew Young Center for Global Leadership in his honor, and Young has taught at Georgia State University's Andrew Young School of Policy Studies.
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