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Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States. He is known for founding the Democratic Party and for his support of individual liberty.
Andrew Jackson - Firsts (1:36)
Andrew Jackson was known for being a tough individual and proved this when he stopped a would be assassin from shooting him at point blank range.
Why is Andrew Jackson on the twenty dollar bill? It's a question we may not have the answer to.
Andrew Jackson evaded death many times in his life. After dying at the age of 78, researches many years later analyzed a strand of Jackson’s hair to discover his real cause of death.
Learn about the many firsts Andrew Jackson achieved over his lifetime.
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Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws region between North Carolina and South Carolina. A lawyer and a landowner, he became a national war hero after defeating the British in New Orleans during the War of 1812. Jackson was elected the seventh president of the United States in 1828. Known as the "people's president," Jackson destroyed the National Bank, founded the Democratic Party and is known for his support of individual liberty. He died on June 8, 1845.
"Any man worth his salt will stick up for what he believes right, but it takes a slightly better man to acknowledge instantly and without reservation that he is in error."
"One man with courage makes a majority."
"The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!"
"Elevate those guns a little lower."
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, to Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Scots-Irish colonists who emigrated from Ireland in 1765. Though his birthplace is presumed to have been at one of his uncles' houses in the Waxhaws region that straddles North Carolina and South Carolina, the exact location is unknown—Jackson's mother was making a trip across the Appalachian Mountains after burying her husband, who died three weeks before his son was born.
Growing up in that area, Jackson received an erratic education. At age 13, he joined a local militia and served as a courier during the Revolutionary War. His older brother, Hugh, died in the Battle of Stono Ferry in 1779, and Andrew and his brother Robert were captured by the British. While in captivity the brothers contracted smallpox, from which Robert did not recover. A few days after the brothers were released by British authorities, Robert died. Not long after his brother's death, in November 1779, Jackson's mother died of cholera. At the age of 14, he was orphaned.
Raised by his uncles, Jackson began studying law in Salisbury, North Carolina, in his late teens. In 1787, he was admitted to the bar and became a lawyer in Jonesborough, an area that is now part of Tennessee.
In 1796, Jackson was a member of the convention that established the Tennessee Constitution and, that same year, was elected Tennessee's first representative in the U.S. House of Representative. He was elected to the Senate the following year, but resigned after serving only eight months. In 1798, Jackson was elected a judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court, serving in that position until 1804.
In addition to being a lawyer, politician and judge, Jackson was a landowner and a merchant. In 1804, he acquired an expansive plantation in Davidson County, Tennessee (near Nashville), called the Hermitage. He grew cotton, cultivated by a number of slaves, and soon became a member of the planting elite.
Jackson was appointed commander of the Tennessee militia in 1801. During the War of 1812 he led his troops to victory against the Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend, killing some 800 warriors and procuring 20 million acres of land in present-day Georgia and Alabama. After this military success, Jackson was appointed major general.
After leading 5,000 soldiers in the defeat of 7,500 British in New Orleans, on January 8, 1815, Jackson was dubbed a national hero. He received the thanks of Congress and a gold medal. He was also popular among his troops, who said that Jackson was "as tough as old hickory wood" on the battlefield, earning him the nickname "Old Hickory."
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