Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com

Remembering Astronaut Sally Ride

In 1983, astronaut and astrophysicist Sally Ride became the first American woman in space aboard the space shuttle Challenger. Ride died on July 23, 2012 at the age of 61, following a battle with pancreatic cancer.
  • Astronaut,
  • Physicist,
  • Educator
  • (1951–2012)


Sandra Day O'Connor

Sandra Day O'Connor was the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. A Republican, she was considered a moderate conservative and served for 24 years.
  • Supreme Court Justice
  • (1930–)

Shirley Chisholm

Shirley Chisholm became the first African-American congresswoman in 1968. Four years later, she became the first major-party black candidate to make a bid for the U.S. presidency.
  • U.S. Representative
  • (1924–2005)

Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart, the first female pilot to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, mysteriously disappeared while flying over the Pacific Ocean in 1937.
  • Pilot
  • (1897–c. 1939)

Wilma Mankiller

Wilma Mankiller worked for several years as a leading advocate for the Cherokee people, and became the first woman to serve as their principal chief in 1985.
  • Women's Rights Activist
  • (1945–2010)

Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice is the first black woman to serve as the United States' national security adviser, as well as the first black woman to serve as U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09).
  • Government Official
  • (1954–)

Kathryn Bigelow

Filmmaker Kathryn Bigelow has directed films like Point Break and Zero Dark Thirty. In 2009, she became the first woman to win an Academy Award for best director for The Hurt Locker (2008).
  • Filmmaker,
  • Screenwriter
  • (1951–)

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